In the pursuit of achieving carbon neutrality, evaluating progress in energy transition projects requires a nuanced approach that considers diverse perspectives and interests. This report delves into the challenges of measuring progress credibly, consistently, and comprehensively, beyond traditional project evaluation metrics. Through interviews with key stakeholders involved in the energy transition, the authors aim to understand and incorporate various viewpoints into a clear framework for project evaluation. Focused on four pivotal projects in and around Rotterdam, a city actively navigating the challenges of carbon neutrality, the interviews highlight different facets of the energy transition. The findings, summarized around six pillars – Environmental, Social, Governance, Technological, Financial, and Energy Security – underscore the growing importance of non-traditional indicators in project evaluation, emphasizing the need for a comprehensive and diverse perspective in measuring progress towards a sustainable energy future.

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